Livestock of cattle, sheep and goats and poultry increased, while livestock of pigs decreased. The National Institute of Statistics carried out the statistical survey regarding „Livestock and animal production in 2012”. Following the results of the statistical survey in 2012 compared to 2011, livestock of cattle, sheep and goats and poultry increased and livestock of pigs decreased.
Total number of cattle points out a growth of 1.0 %, while origin livestock (milk cows, buffalo cows for reproduction and heifers for reproduction) remained almost constant on December 1, 2012.
Total number of pigs decreased by 2.4%, while origin livestock (breeding sows) increased by 4.8%.
Total number of sheep and goats increased by 3.4%, while origin livestock (sheep, ewes and goats) increased by 3.2%.
Total number of poultry registered a growth of 0.4%, while number of adult layer poultry increased by 0.5%.
After successive growth of cattle livestock, reaching about 3 million heads at the end of 2006, significant falls constantly followed until 2010. Since 2010, cattle livestock were kept at about a constant level.
Pigs livestock constantly decreased, in 2012 being by 23.2% less than in 2006.
Since 2006, sheep and goats livestock registered major growths, in 2—9 reaching 10.1 million heads, following a slight fall, while in 2012 reaching the same level as in 2009.
Poultry livestock decreased, in 2012 being by 5.7% less than in 2006.
Livestock in Romania
For cattle livestock, Romania holds the tenth place among the countries of European Union, after France, Germany, United Kingdom, Ireland, Italy, Spain, Poland, Netherlands and Belgium. Regarding the density per 100 ha of land, our country is among the last countries of European Union, being followed by Hungary and Bulgaria.
At the end of 2012, for pigs livestock, Romania holds the ninth place in the European Union, after Germany, Spain, France, Denmark, Netherlands, Poland, Italy and Belgium. Regarding the density per 100 ha of land, our country is followed by the following countries such as Greece, Sweden, Finland, Slovakia, Lithuania and Bulgaria.