Interesting Facts About Dairy Cows

Dairy cows are cattle raised because of their skill to produce large quantities of milk from which dairy products are made. Every breed can give milk, but its nutrient content and the amount will have a different range of protein and vitamins.

dairy cowsTypes of dairy cows

One of the most popular breeds is the Holstein-Friesian dairy cow, known by its colours – black and white.

In most cases, dairy cows are part of the species Bos Taurus.

Here is a list with most common and also most rare types of dairy cows:

  • Ayrshire cattle;
  • Brown Swiss – Second largest amount of milk produced in any dairy cattle breed;
  • Buša cattle;
  • Canadienne cattle (one of the rarest kind in the world);
  • Dairy Shorthorn;
  • Dexter cattle;
  • Guernsey cattle;
  • Holstein-Friesian cattle;
  • Illawarra cattle;
  • Irish Moiled;
  • Jersey Cattle Jersey (has a very high content of butterfat in the milk);
  • American Milking Devon;
  • Milking Shorthorn;
  • Montbéliarde;
  • Normande;
  • Norwegian Red;
  • Holstein;
  • Red and white.

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Seradria received the Veterinary Health Certificate for exporting sheep from Romania to United Arab Emirates

seradria logo

According to the National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, the certificate model for the export of sheep and goats from Romania to the United Arab Emirates has been approved.

In consequence, Seradria received the approval to export sheep and cattle.

The official health document certifies the following:

  • They come from the country where FMD has not been registered for at least 12 months prior to export, or from a country where the disease has not been registered for a period not less than three months prior to export with stamping out policy;
  • The animals come from a country where PPR has not been registered for at least two years prior to export, with stamping out policy;
  • The animals come from a country where sheep pox has not been registered during the three years prior to exportation;
  • The origin of the animals is from a country free of Bluetongue for at least two years prior to export;
  • The animals were subject to laboratory tests for Bluetongue antigen virus detection (PCR test) during the quarantine period with negative results;
  • The animals were protected from the mosquitoes that transmit the disease (culicoides) for at least 28 days prior is export and subjected to laboratory tests during this period to detect antibodies for the disease with negative results;
  • The animals were vaccinated against Bluetongue not less than 60 days prior to the export with a vaccine containing all reported serotype in the country of export;
  • The animals were isolated or reared in a holding where no case of anthrax disease was reported for at least 20 days prior to export;
  • The animals come from herds of origin which have been officially free from brucellosis for the past 12 months prior to export and the animals have been subjected to a laboratory test for brucellosis with negative results;
  • The animals come from holdings where no case of rabies was reported for at least one year prior to export;
  • The animals received preventive doses of internal and external antiparasitic during 14-21 days before export and have been sprayed with an insecticide approved by OIE;
  • The animals have been clinically examined during 48 hours before export and didn’t show any symptoms of infectious and contagious disease including Q fever disease;
  • Recording the vaccinations (name of the disease, vaccine type, vaccination date which were given to the animals within six months prior to export);

Continue reading Seradria received the Veterinary Health Certificate for exporting sheep from Romania to United Arab Emirates

Interesting Facts About Fat Tailed Sheep

Every sheep breed has particular characteristics, for example, there are some species which are well-known for its tail fat. This type of fat is compiled in the back of a sheep on both sides of its tail on the first 3-5 vertebrae. The tail represents up to 15% of the entire carcass weight and it is called “Allyah”. The weight of this part can measure 30 kg – 66 lb and is very appreciated in Asian cuisine and Arab countries for its rich flavour.

karakul sheepFat tailed sheep representative species

There are 1000 types of sheep breeds in the world and it’s estimated that fat tailed sheep represents 20-25% of the world’s sheep population. Also called fat rumpled sheep, they are found mostly in the extreme environments in Africa, the Middle East and Asia.

They have wool, but they are raised generally for meat and milk production. Similar to a camel’s humps, they accumulate fat for subsequent use during the dry season. Continue reading Interesting Facts About Fat Tailed Sheep

Seradria, the only Romanian company with exporting authorisations to Saudi Arabia

Since the beginning of this year, Romania can export sheep, goat and cattle to Saudi Arabia after the Romanian National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority has recently concluded negotiations that started last year with the authorities of the Kingdom.

The agreements to open trade relations for export of animals to Saudi Arabia were started in April 2017 and, as a consequence, in September 2017 a delegation from Saudi Arabia came in Romania to evaluate the activity of veterinary services of the country regarding the control of diseases and the biosecurity conditions at cattle sheep and goats.

At the beginning of this year, the debates were completed and the export of sheep, goat and cattle from Romania – one of the largest exporters of livestock animals – was declared open to Saudi Arabia.

During the negotiations, the Saudi authorities demanded special export conditions and until now, our company is the only one in Romania that obtained the authorization to export animals to the Kingdom. Continue reading Seradria, the only Romanian company with exporting authorisations to Saudi Arabia

Livestock Farming: Now and Then

livestock farmingSince ancient times, livestock farms have provided us with eggs, honey, meat, milk and other produce. Moreover, the skins and the hair of these animals have been used to make blankets, clothing and shoes. The word “Livestock” refers to domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities.

Types of Livestock Farming

Traditionally farms are used to raise cattle or dairy cows, chickens, goats, pigs, horses and sheep. Nowadays, livestock farming is still the rearing of animals for food and for other purposes, but the farmers are constantly concerned about improving the methods of breeding. In present days even animals like mules, donkeys, rabbits and insects such as bees are being raised as part of livestock farming.

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Most Popular Sheep Breeds Raised for Meat and Wool

sheep breedsSheep breeds are highly demanded in the countries with a favourable environment including pasturing fields and beautiful hills for the farms. Most of them are multi-purpose livestock, raised for meat, wool and skin, but particularly, some breeds are excellent for their taste of meat, some are better at providing a good amount of milk while others give a great wool production.

Karakul Sheep

The Karakul is a fat-tailed breed that is possibly the oldest of the domesticated sheep dating back to 1400 B.C. in Persia (the Karakul sheep is also called “Persian lamb”).

It is a breed of sheep raised for meat, milk, pelts, and wool, but their most important feature is the fat deposit at the base of the tail, which has a distinctive texture and flavour that are highly valued in central Asian cuisine and Arab countries.

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Facts About the History of Domestic Sheep

Sheep are often known by their Latin name Ovis Aries and their raising plays a major role for the any economy. For this reason, for centuries, humans have been improving this activity in order to increase the quality of their breeding traits.

sheep historyWhen Were Sheep First Discovered

Domestication of the animals was part of the most important events in human history. Some of the evidence suggests that sheep were domesticated in 8000 BC in South-West of Asia, but they were discovered long before. It is often said that the ancestor of the modern sheep is the wild mouflon (Ovis Orientalis) which used to live in Mesopotamia.

A Brief History of The Sheep

10,000 years ago, the number of wild sheep sharply decreased because they were overhunted. As a result, people came with an idea to solve the problem of the disappearance of this vital resource – domestication of the wild sheep. The original purpose of raising sheep was the meat. Later they were bred for the milk products, leather, and wool. Continue reading Facts About the History of Domestic Sheep

Sheep Wool – Facts and Benefits

In Romania, the wool production played an important role in sheep-raising from 1950 to 1989. At the time, wool was the main production objective of the Tigai breed raising. Socio-political changes and economic reforms that have taken place in Romania after `89 had caused significant changes in the growth and exploitation of sheep flocks, so the wool is no longer so important today.

Between 1992 and 1993 greasy wool production in Eastern Europe was 80,000 tonnes, of which 34% alone was produced in Romania (Barrett et al., 1993). However, demand for wool production still exists, so per client`s request, Romanian company Seradria delivers sheep with or without wool.

The Turcana Sheep

The Turcana breed is the most impor­tant sheep breed in Romania, with about 70 percent of the market. It is a multi-purpose breed raised for milk, meat and wool production. Because the breed is very well adapted to the alpine pasture, the Turcana Sheep is also called “The Queen of the Mountains”, “Mountain peasant” or “Valachian sheep”.

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Lamb Meat Nutrition – Facts and Health Benefits

lamb meatLamb meat contains many vital nutrients such as iron, zinc, selenium and vitamin B12. Furthermore, it is well-known that this type of red meat is an excellent source of protein. Even though the red meat has sometimes a bad reputation and many people avoid consuming it because this would raise the blood level of cholesterol and therefore increase the risk of heart disease.

Lamb vs. Beef Nutrition

Many doctors say that our body needs 200 milligrams of cholesterol every day. Even though lamb is high in cholesterol, beef is even higher. Still, there are many specialists saying the opposite. Also, the meat lamb is tender and is more digestible than the beef. In other words, you’ll have to keep in mind that beef isn’t so rich in nutritional components (for example proteins) as lamb meat. As a matter of fact, if you eat lamb with moderation, you’ll have the chance to maintain a well-adjusted level of cholesterol.

Lamb vs. Chicken Nutrition

Lamb meat consists of higher percentages of iron when compared to chicken. There are two forms of iron: heme iron and non-heme iron. The first one can mostly be found in red meat, while the other one can be discovered in vegetarian food. Many doctors recommend the consumption of lamb because the heme iron is more absorbable than its non-heme variant.

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Karakul Sheep – Origin and Characteristics

The Karakul is one of the most well-known sheep breeds in the world and highly appreciated by breeders with a tradition in livestock and sheep meat consumption, as well as in the fashion industry.

Some Facts about Karakul Sheep

Karakul sheep belongs to the fat-tailed or fat-rumped group of breeds that is characterised by the fat deposit at the base of the tail rather than elsewhere in the carcass. This fat has a distinctive texture and flavour that are highly valued in central Asian cuisine and others!

The Karakul sheep is a wool-producing breed as well! Besides their good quality meat, the Karakul is also considered a wool sheep still raised for the pelts of new-born lambs.

Continue reading Karakul Sheep – Origin and Characteristics

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