When it comes to sheep import, you have to do some serious research in order to be confident that everything will be fine. You have to be sure that the exporter country you choose has a friendly environment and can provide you with healthy animals. More than that, you have to ensure that the company you choose is aligned with all the standards and regulations required by the authorities of your country.
If you want to simply recognise a cattle breed only by its physical appearance, you have to pay close attention to each aspect of every breed, to take notes (physically or mentally) and to memorise it till the next time you see a cow.
In order to do so, we took some time to write down a few simple, straightforward steps to identify the most common breeds of cattle. This being said, here is the mini guide.
At the beginning of this year, the Romanian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADR) announced that, thanks to the latest diplomatic effort of the Romanian Government, the Iranian market has been reopened for livestock export (sheep and cattle).
Romania and Iran – new possibilities for a long lasting collaboration
The MADR claims that in January 2019 the Standard Export Certificate has been approved between the National Sanitary Veterinary Authority for Food Safety of Romania (ANSVSA) and the Iran Veterinary Organization (IVO). As a result, the exports of livestock from Romania to Iran were reopened.
Sheep are animals which can offer a lot of benefits. Since their domestication, shepherds tried to obtain the best traits of crossbreeding.
Nowadays, sheep are among the most appreciated animals. Besides wool, meat and milk, products that we all know very well, sheep also offer other benefits. So, which are the most common uses of the sheep?
Meat: Lamb and Mutton
There is no doubt that the most important product we get from these animals is meat. Lamb is the meat from the sheep that is less than one year old, and mutton is the meat from a sheep that is over one year old.
Romania has a large agricultural industry. With 30% of the country’s land areas covered by permanent pasture and a favourable geographic position, it is one of Europe’s leading exporter of live animals, especially cattle breeds and sheep breeds.
The most popular breed of cattle in Romania is Baltata Romaneasca, also known as Romanian Simmental or Romanian Spotted Cattle.
Other cattle breeds are also present in Romania: Crossbreed Blanc Blue Belgium, Crossbreed Charolais, Crossbreed Limousin, Crossbreed Braunvieh, Crossbreed Angus and others. Continue reading Romanian Simmental – the most popular breed of cattle in Romania
There are breeds which excel particularly in one aspect – some are known for the ability to provide an excellent amount of milk, while others are appreciated for their finest wool.
There is a type of sheep breeds which are highly demanded in many parts of the world because of their benefits: they are multi-purpose, so they can provide productions of meat, skin, wool and dairy.
Depending on the environment and on the rations of nourishment, according to statistics, there are more than 1000 distinct sheep breeds worldwide.
According to some estimates, there are more than 1,000 breeds of sheep worldwide, but not all of them are known for high-quality wool.
For thousands of years, the difference between good wool and high-quality wool has been determined by the fibre diameter – coarse or fine.
In this regard, deciding which breed to raise is an important decision that each shepherd must make, especially if he wants to grow sheep for wool. Continue reading The Highest Quality Types of Sheep Wool
The quality of the breed trait at sheep and cattle depends on the status of health and many other factors. Breeding involves a lot of activities – such as creating a suitable environment and providing all the feed requirements.
A balanced diet plays a vital role so you’ll have to pay attention to the quality of the fodder. The animals should be provided with a suitable food so you’ll have to make sure that the diet contains a lot of essential nutrients – hay, grains, oilseed, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and vitamins (C, D, E and K). Continue reading Fodder Benefits for Cattle and Sheep
Dairy cows are cattle raised because of their skill to produce large quantities of milk from which dairy products are made. Every breed can give milk, but its nutrient content and the amount will have a different range of protein and vitamins.
Types of dairy cows
One of the most popular breeds is the Holstein-Friesian dairy cow, known by its colours – black and white.
In most cases, dairy cows are part of the species Bos Taurus.
Here is a list with most common and also most rare types of dairy cows:
- Ayrshire cattle;
- Brown Swiss – Second largest amount of milk produced in any dairy cattle breed;
- Buša cattle;
- Canadienne cattle (one of the rarest kind in the world);
- Dairy Shorthorn;
- Dexter cattle;
- Guernsey cattle;
- Holstein-Friesian cattle;
- Illawarra cattle;
- Irish Moiled;
- Jersey Cattle Jersey (has a very high content of butterfat in the milk);
- American Milking Devon;
- Milking Shorthorn;
- Norwegian Red;
- Red and white.
According to the National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, the certificate model for the export of sheep and goats from Romania to the United Arab Emirates has been approved.
In consequence, Seradria received the approval to export sheep and cattle.
The official health document certifies the following:
- They come from the country where FMD has not been registered for at least 12 months prior to export, or from a country where the disease has not been registered for a period not less than three months prior to export with stamping out policy;
- The animals come from a country where PPR has not been registered for at least two years prior to export, with stamping out policy;
- The animals come from a country where sheep pox has not been registered during the three years prior to exportation;
- The origin of the animals is from a country free of Bluetongue for at least two years prior to export;
- The animals were subject to laboratory tests for Bluetongue antigen virus detection (PCR test) during the quarantine period with negative results;
- The animals were protected from the mosquitoes that transmit the disease (culicoides) for at least 28 days prior is export and subjected to laboratory tests during this period to detect antibodies for the disease with negative results;
- The animals were vaccinated against Bluetongue not less than 60 days prior to the export with a vaccine containing all reported serotype in the country of export;
- The animals were isolated or reared in a holding where no case of anthrax disease was reported for at least 20 days prior to export;
- The animals come from herds of origin which have been officially free from brucellosis for the past 12 months prior to export and the animals have been subjected to a laboratory test for brucellosis with negative results;
- The animals come from holdings where no case of rabies was reported for at least one year prior to export;
- The animals received preventive doses of internal and external antiparasitic during 14-21 days before export and have been sprayed with an insecticide approved by OIE;
- The animals have been clinically examined during 48 hours before export and didn’t show any symptoms of infectious and contagious disease including Q fever disease;
- Recording the vaccinations (name of the disease, vaccine type, vaccination date which were given to the animals within six months prior to export);